This was another solid report.
The headline jobs number in the March employment report was slightly below expectations, however employment for the previous two months was revised up by 95,000. The participation rate and the employment-population ratio both increased, and the unemployment rate decreased to 3.6%.
In March, the year-over-year employment change was 6.5 million jobs.
Permanent Job Losers
This graph shows permanent job losers as a percent of the pre-recession peak in employment through the report today.
In March, the number of permanent job losers decreased to 1.392 million from 1.583 million in the previous month.
Prime (25 to 54 Years Old) Participation
Since the overall participation rate has declined due to cyclical (recession) and demographic (aging population, younger people staying in school) reasons, here is the employment-population ratio for the key working age group: 25 to 54 years old.
The 25 to 54 participation rate increased in March to 82.5% from 82.2% in February, and the 25 to 54 employment population ratio increased to 80.0% from 79.5% the previous month.
Part Time for Economic Reasons
From the BLS report:
“The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons was about unchanged at 4.2 million in March and is little different from its February 2020 level. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs.”The number of persons working part time for economic reasons increased in March to 4.170 million from 4.135 million in February. This is at pre-recession levels.
These workers are included in the alternate measure of labor underutilization (U-6) that decreased to 6.9% from 7.2% in the previous month. This is down from the record high in April 22.9% for this measure since 1994. This measure is below the 7.0% in February 2020 (pre-pandemic).
Unemployed over 26 Weeks
According to the BLS, there are 1.702 million workers who have been unemployed for more than 26 weeks and still want a job, up from 1.691 million the previous month.
This does not include all the people that left the labor force.
The headline monthly jobs number was slightly below expectations; however, the previous two months were revised up by 95,000 combined.